Free or highly subsidized power to farmers in India has led to overconsumption of groundwater by the agricultural sector. The situation has reached a near-crisis level in many states due to these high subsidies. Unique models like Paani Bachao, Paise Kamao (Save water, earn money), the Direct Benefit Transfer in Electricity (DBTE) introduced in Punjab, offer a politically feasible and effective solution to the persistent issue of overuse of groundwater

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