This note examines portability in the public distribution system (PDS) as a reform to strengthen government service delivery in India. It captures the status of intrastate and interstate portability in India. The note highlights the views and perceptions of beneficiaries, the impact of portability on fair price shop (FPS) dealers, and the challenges faced during implementation. The findings are based on a diagnostic study conducted by MSC in September, 2019 after the first phase of interstate portability was rolled out in India.
The study sought to understand the effects of portability on end-users and identify the major challenges that need to be addressed before the national roll-out of the Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS) program–“One Nation, One Ration”.