Cash-in cash-out (CICO) agents, with their last-mile reach, are the backbone of inclusive digital payment ecosystems. Estimates suggest there are over 3 million such agents across Indonesia, though they often become dormant due to low transaction volumes.

The current pandemic has worsened this situation and reduced the transaction volumes of these agents by 50%-90%. Our report explores the impact of COVID-19 on CICO agents, highlights their coping strategies, and provides policy recommendations to support their recovery.

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