Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH)
The Government of Indonesia (GoI) expanded its social protection programs, including Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH)—its conditional cash transfer program, to support the most vulnerable sections of society during the pandemic. Our report explores the impact of COVID-19 on the beneficiaries and operational implementation of PKH during the pandemic.
Enablers For Direct Benefit Transfers Of Fertiliser Subsidy
Over the past few years, there was a continuous effort by the government to streamline the in-kind distribution of fertiliser. Targeting fertiliser subsidies directly to farmers would be a herculean task, but can be attempted by combining several initiatives that the central government and some state governments have undertaken over the past years. This note discusses potential solutions to improve in-kind transfers and suggests few ideas for cash transfer pilots for fertiliser subsidy.