The government estimates that DBT programmes will cumulatively save the central government ~INR 82,985 crore10 (USD 15 billion) by the year-end, 2018. With respect to education, scholarship programmes have seamlessly moved into the fold of DBT. Money is being transferred into the bank accounts of beneficiaries rather than being handed over as cheques. In-kind transfers have begun using MIS platforms for multiple functions and are now being termed DBT. The Department of Basic Education (DoBE) distributes unconditional, universal, in-kind benefits annually to school children11 between classes I–VIII. MicroSave conducted a study in Uttar Pradesh on DBT in education. We specifically looked at in-kind benefits transfers to school children. We conducted a study based on primary qualitative research and affiliated techniques. We covered the districts of Gorakhpur, Lalitpur, Lucknow, and Meerut to ensure a representative sample for the study.