Climate change and river erosion—what can we learn from the past?
River erosion has affected Bangladesh’s low-lying lands for millennia. The rivers change course over the years and cause loss of land and assets for people who live near the riverbanks. Climate change has added additional complexities to these natural processes and made poor and vulnerable people much worse off. Together, these processes continue to widen the gap between the rich and the poor.
Bangladesh and climate change—lessons from the frontline
Bangladesh remains highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, with flooding affecting 20-70% of the country annually. Women and poor farmers are often the worst hit, despite having a minor role in causing climate change. Even though farmers and local communities know of changing weather patterns and take steps to mitigate the effects, they lack adequate financial resources, which limits how well they can adapt to these changes.
The impact of climate change on farmers in Bihar and how farmer producer organizations can help them adapt
In Bihar’s Buxar district, farmers struggle to cope with the changing climatic conditions and adapt to them. Significant annual variation in rainfall and temperature erodes farmers’ adaptive capacities. Farmer producers organizations (FPOs) could play a central role to promote and facilitate farmers’ adaptation to climate change—but they need improved incentives and support.
Seven factors that determine the resilience and adaptive ability of smallholder farmers in Bihar
Smallholder farmers in the flood-prone state of Bihar need capital and support from system-level actors to increase their climate resilience. This blog identifies seven critical factors that can enable the building of climate resilience and adaptive strategies of smallholder farmers.
The impact of climate change and coping strategies adopted by smallholder farmers in Bihar
Smallholder farmers in Bihar face seasonal flooding, increasing heat, and variable rainfall, which hurt their crops, livelihoods, and health. Farmers in Muzaffarpur and Khagaria, two climate-vulnerable districts, use a range of coping and adaptation strategies in response to such increasing climate hazards. Read on to explore these in detail.
Traits of resilient and vulnerable smallholder farmers
Smallholder farmers are vulnerable to climate change in many different ways. We analyzed the lives and livelihoods of different types of farmers to assess how individuals and families either succeed to or fail to adapt to climate change and environmental stresses. We look at the role financial services, education, gender roles and responsibilities, and social norms play to determine resilience to climate change.